The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (2023)

of 16

Ericsson Globe - largest building - via wiwibloggs.com

Kinepolish Theater - largest building - via cinemania.elmundo.es

Palatul Parlamentului, Bucharest - largest building - via metropotam.ro

Tesla Gigafactory - largest building

Eid al-Adha

Tokyo Skytree - largest building

Masjid al-Haram, Mecca Mosque - largest building

(Video) Upward, Onward, Outward, Part 3 - Mark Pugh

Burj Khalifa - largest building

Dubai International Airport - largest building

Louvre Museum - largest building

HDR Sunrise over Angkor Wat

Mehrangarh Fort - largest building

St. Peter's Basilica - largest building

New Century Global Center in Chengdu, China - largest building

Aalsmeer Flower Auction building, Holland - largest building

787 Factory December 2013K66032-01

The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward

(Video) Wood and Steel | Critical Role | Campaign 2, Episode 58

Buy Now

The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (1)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (2)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (3)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (4)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (5)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (6)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (7)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (8)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (9)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (10)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (11)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (12)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (13)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (14)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (15)The 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (16)

Size isn’t everything, said a liar one time. Point of fact, if you’re going to build something, it’s important make it as much of a monstrosity as possible. Make it tall, make it flat, make it go deep underground, rise into the sun, reach like the Tower of Babel, spread out like cake batter, or lay for miles along the landscape like the oldTrans-Siberian Railway.

Largest Buildings in the World

A huge building is not only a towering accomplishment of human endeavor, it’s also much more difficult to construct than something small, making the feat of engineering that much more impressive.

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (17)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (18)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (19)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (20)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (21)

(Video) Uthodurn | Critical Role | Campaign 2, Episode 73 - Live From Indianapolis!

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (22)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (23)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (24)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (25)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (26)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (27)

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (28)

From the tall to the wide, the round to the pyramidal, the long and the bulbous, we looked at all 16 of the biggest buildings in the world, for people who know that size is all that matters.

Boeing Everett Factory

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (29)

Most Total Volume: It’s impossible to convey the scope of the Everett factory in mere photographs. As it is a place that builds the biggest of Boeing’s immense product line, the warehouses are large enough to allow for fuselages and wings to fit neatly inside, with multiple projects going at any given time, and a mass of hundreds to thousands of employees. If you ever have the chance to take a tour, it will make you feel small in a whole new way.

Abraj Al Bait Towers in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (30)

Biggest Clock: These towers have more than merely the tallest clock in the world, as the Al Bait Towers also have an approximate square footage of16,137,600 sq ft. The issue is that changes in construction in recent months, alteration in plans, and decisions about exact size has caused the Towers to fluctuate on the list of largest structures. The tower group might be the most sprawling structure, it might have the most square feet, or maybe it’s just really easy to tell the time.

Aalsmeer Flower Auction building, Holland

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (31)

Most Immense Footprint: More than 20 million flowers are bought and sold here on a daily basis. The huge warehouse structure is chopped up into auctions, along with storage space galore for all the floral arrangements that move through this space. Though hard to believe tiny Holland could do it, all for flowers, this whole place is a stroll for your nose.

(Video) Beyond the Eyes of Angels | Critical Role | Campaign 2, Episode 67

New Century Global Center in Chengdu, China

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (32)

Most Total Square Feet: Though it isn’t the largest amount of total area, the Center has multiple floors that give it more total square footage among the many layers of the building. Coming in hot with18,900,000 sq ft. to its name, what’s even more interesting than the size is the dark past of governmental corruption that surrounds the building of it.

Burj Khalifa

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (33)

Tallest Building: Though the footprint is fairly small, occupying a scant3,331,100 sq ft on the ground, the soaring spire of the Khalifa reaches2,722 ft into the heavens. It’s likely that by 2020, if not long before, Khalifa will need to cede its throne to theJeddah Tower, which promises to be 3,281 ft. tall. Due to its size, the Khalifa also has broken a few other records, like highest nightclub and restaurant.

Masjid al-Haram, Mecca Mosque

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (34)

Biggest Mosque: Costing more than $100 billion to build, there’s no religious building that even comes close to the 99 acres – that’s4,312,440 sq ft. – worth of space that is able to house about 4 million worshipers. Perhaps the 2nd holiest place in all of the Muslim faith, it’s also filled with relics of the religion.

Tokyo Skytree

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (35)

Tallest Tower: Saying that the only thing of note about the Skytree is that it is tall would be a severe disservice to all it does. As a means of telecommunication, it serves a far greater purpose than any other building on this list, as it allows global connection and broadcasting for far greater distances than has been possible with our current tower structure. The design and technological build make this more than a lanky piece of architecture, but a huge forward step in telecommunication integration to structure.

St. Peter’s Basilica

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (36)

Biggest Cathedral: Since cathedrals inherently go for big, soaring, airy makes that suck up a lot of space, horizontally and vertically, it’s a little tough to determine exactly which one occupies the most space. Even if you cut out the grounds around it, open spaces, walkways, and focus on the cathedral itself, St. Peter’s is still magnificent at240,000 sq ft.

Tesla Gigafactory

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (37)

Largest Planned Structure: Right now, Boeing is still beating out Tesla’s massive manufacturing plant, but that isn’t likely to last. The Gigafactory will build cars, but also likely be the home of making Hyperloop railings, cars, and other materials, to say nothing of Elon Musk’s other projects. Projections now have it standing at 10 million sq ft., but that could merely be an estimate.

Palatul Parlamentului, Bucharest

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (38)

Largest Governmental Structure:While Americans are now learning that living under a despotic overlord isn’t fun at the time, it can sometimes be interesting later.Nicolae Ceaușescu was an insane dictator in Romania who decided to put the whole government into one building. While he didn’t quite do the job, he did end up making the biggest parliament in the land, and an immense governmental structure onto itself.

Dubai International Airport

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (39)

Largest Land Consumption: The International Airport used to hold the record for most sheer footage, using up 16,137,600 sq ft, but has been beaten out by theNew Century Global Center. The good news is, since it also has tarmacs and runways and all manner of other accessories to go along with the structure, it still holds the record for most land used by a building.

Kinepolis-Madrid Ciudad de la Imagen megaplex

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (40)

Biggest Movie Theater: 25 screens for films and able to seat9,200 people, Kinepolis is looking to become the megastar of the cinema industry. In 2001 they opened the 2nd largest theater,Kinepolis-Valencia, which has 24 screens and seats 8,000. While there’s no talk of making a larger theater, bet that Kinepolis will be behind it.

Louvre Museum

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (41)

Largest Museum: Some will quibble over the square footage, sincethe Louvre comes in at650,000 worth of gallery space. What none can argue about is that undoubtedly no other museum comes close to the collection to be found here. It has 70,000 pieces of art, to say nothing of alternative artifacts, and allures nearly 10 million visitors a year. That’s almost twice the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the second most visited museum ever made.

Angkor Wat

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (42)

Largest Place of Worship: This is a dicey guess, as there’s innumerable Mayan ruins, Incan, Druidic, and other various religions coating the globe with massive places of worship. To date, nowhere is quite as sprawling as the Cambodian ruins of Angkor Wat. At 402 acres, which breaks down to more than17,249,760 sq ft. Wat is a temple structure that is as yet unmatched on the blue ball.

(Video) Heart-to-Heartmoor | Critical Role | Campaign 3, Episode 17

Ericsson Globe

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (43)

Most Immense Sphere: Yep, it’s a giant ball. In fact, it’s the most giantest ball in all the land. AC/DC has been put to shame.

Mehrangarh Fort

View in galleryThe 16 Largest Buildings in the World - Onward, Outward, Upward (44)

Largest Real Castle: There’s castles that take up more actual real estate, but those are dainty little princess castles with stables and dance halls. The unpronounceable Mehrangarh Fort is the biggest serious castle left in the world, and still looks like it could hold off a siege.

FAQs

What is the 2nd tallest building in the world? ›

Tallest Buildings
RankNameCity
1Burj KhalifaDubai
2Shanghai TowerShanghai
3Makkah Royal Clock TowerMecca
4Ping An Finance CenterShenzhen
38 more rows

How many stories is the biggest building in the world? ›

At over 828 metres (2,716.5 feet) and more than 160 stories, Burj Khalifa holds the following records: Tallest building in the world. Tallest free-standing structure in the world. Highest number of stories in the world.

What is the largest building in the world? ›

It maintains a list of the 100 tallest completed buildings in the world. The organization currently ranks Burj Khalifa in Dubai as the tallest at 828 m (2,717 ft).

How many stories is 2000 feet? ›

In fact, it's only half as tall as the tallest structure in Texas, the Liberman Broadcast Tower in Era, which is 2,000 feet – one third of a mile high; 200 stories. And there are brave workers who climb such towers as part of their daily work: Imagine how hard it is to walk up 200 flights of stairs.

What building is bigger than the twin towers? ›

The tallest building in New York is One World Trade Center, which rises 1,776 feet (541 m). The 104-story skyscraper also stands as the tallest building in the United States, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the seventh-tallest building in the world.

Which is the No 1 highest building in the world? ›

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) has developed its own system for classifying tall buildings, stating that the Burj Khalifa (828 m.) is the world's tallest building right now.

What was the tallest building for 40 years? ›

The Empire State Building is one of the most recognizable buildings in the world and held the world's tallest building record record for nearly 40 years.

What will be the tallest building in 2025? ›

Tallest Buildings
RankNameCompletion A Completed building must fulfill all the following criteria: Topped out structurally and architecturally Fully clad Open for business, or at least partially occupiable
1Jeddah TowerN/A
2Merdeka 1182022
3Greenland Jinmao International Financial Center2025
4Suzhou Zhongnan Center2025
38 more rows

How tall is 200 stories? ›

3,280 feet. 200 stories. Almost twice the size of New York's new Freedom Tower, if you're looking for a point of reference.

How tall is a 108 story building? ›

Prior to its current form, plans were initially for a 72–level residential building with a height of 226 metres (741 feet). In 2012, these plans were revised and resubmitted in favour of mixed–use residential and hotel skyscraper, reaching 388 metres (1,273 feet) and comprising 108 levels.

Is there a 100 story building? ›

Today, there are 15 buildings worldwide that are 100 stories or taller. Scroll right to see view the entire lineup. View the entire list with heights. The first five are 20th-century skyscrapers — all office buildings, constructed of steel, and located in New York or Chicago.

What is the shortest building? ›

The world's shortest building is called the Newby-McMahon Building, in Withita Falls, Texas. It stands 40 feet tall.

What is the oldest building in the world? ›

Göbekli Tepe. Göbekli Tepe is an archaeological site of a temple in Southeastern Turkey and has been dated back to 9500 - 8000 BCE. This date was discovered by carbon dating old tools found during excavations. This building is in fact the oldest structure on earth that we have found to date.

What is the tallest human built structure? ›

The Burj Khalifa's 2,722 feet gives it the undisputed and well-recognized status as the tallest man-made structure in the world.

How tall is a 30 story? ›

Every 30 stories there is a mechanical floor of 4.65 m high and the roof mechanical level is estimated at 6.2 m high. As a result, a residential tower approximately 100 m tall has 30 usable stories [4.65m + (30 × 3.1m) + 4.65m + 6.2 m = 108.5m] (Fig.

How many stories is 456 feet? ›

This upside down U-shaped track bolts up 45 stories in the sky—that's 456 feet high!

How many feet is 13 stories? ›

However, during the advent of early skyscrapers, New York architectural critics warned developers not to exceed the height of the 13th floor. These critics insisted that buildings rising above the 13th floor (130 feet or 40 metres) would lead to increased street congestion, ominous shadows and lower property values.

How many people died at the 9 11? ›

What replaced Twin Towers? ›

One World Trade Center officially opens in Manhattan on November 3, 2014. The new tower, along with the rest of the World Trade Center complex, replaced the Twin Towers and surrounding complex, which were destroyed by terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.

Did the World Trade Center have a 13th floor? ›

The twin towers did have a 13th floor, as does their replacement, One World Trade Center.

What is taller than the Eiffel Tower? ›

The Eiffel Tower is the eldest.

The tallest tower is Burj Khalifa (828 metres) and the shortest is the Bratislava UFO (95 metres).

Who has the 15 tallest building in the world? ›

The US tallest building ranks second with 857 and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) at a distant third with 314. Burj Khalifa – 2,722 feet.
...
Tallest Buildings In The World Promote Sustainable Skyscraper Development.
BuildingChina Zun
Floor Area4,600,000 sq ft (427,000 m2)
Height1,731 ft (527.6 m)
Observatory108th floor
14 more columns
1 Aug 2022

What building has the most strong? ›

10 toughest buildings on the planet
  • There's no stopping the force of Mother Nature. ...
  • The Doomsday Seed Vault.
  • Shanghai Tower, China.
  • Torre Mayor, Mexico City, Mexico.
  • Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital.
  • Ancient Chinese buildings, China.
  • CMG Headquarters, Beijing.
  • One World Trade, New York.

How old is the oldest tower in the world? ›

Dating back to 3600 BC and 700 BC, the Megalithic Temples of Malta are considered to be the oldest free-standing structures on earth. The temples were built during three phases of cultural revolution – Ġgantija (3600-3200BC), Saflieni (3300-3000BC) and Tarxien (3150BC-2500BC).

What was the tallest human made structure in the world until the 1800s? ›

What Was the Tallest Human-Made Structure in the World Until 1800? That was the Strasbourg Cathedral.

What were the largest buildings on earth for 4000 years? ›

Meaning of "building"

The earliest structures now known to be the tallest in the world were the Egyptian pyramids: the Great Pyramid of Giza, at an original height of 146.5 m (481 ft), was the tallest structure in the world for over 3,800 years, until the construction of Lincoln Cathedral in 1311.

What is the biggest building in 2050? ›

The X-Seed 4000 is the tallest building ever fully envisioned. Its proposed 4,000 m (13,000 ft) height, 6 km (3.7 mi) wide sea-base, and 800-floor capacity could accommodate five hundred thousand to one million inhabitants.

What was the world's tallest building 4000 years ago? ›

The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt

The Great Pyramid was originally 146 metres tall and held the record for the tallest man-made structure on Earth for almost 4,000 years!

Will America ever have the tallest building again? ›

America is no longer the country with the biggest skyscrapers. And there are no mega-tall buildings (600 meters, or 1,969 feet) on the drawing board, so it's unlikely we'll regain that prestige any time soon. New York, then Chicago, laid claim to the "world's tallest" throughout most of the 20th century.

How tall would a 1000 story building be? ›

How impressive is this 1,000-floor tower, you ask? Let's break it down. The tower is 10,560 feet tall.

How tall is a 500 story building? ›

It has been envisioned to be built in San Francisco, California and could accommodate up to one million people. With a total height of 3,218 metres (10,558 ft), the tower would be two miles (3.2 km) tall, and comprise 500 stories if built. It is one of the tallest buildings/man-made structures ever conceived.

How tall is a 10 story? ›

Total height of a 10 story building = 100 to 110 feet. Today's building are usually built to an average overall height of 10 feet each. So a 10 storey building should be about 100 feet + ground 10 x terrace & water storage/Lift Room another 15 feet or so; say a total of 125 feet tall.

How tall is a 69 story building? ›

Completed in 1996 with 69 stories and 1260 feet (384 meters). 20. Empire State Building in New York, New York state, United States. Completed in 1931 with 102 stories and 1250 feet (381 meters).

What building is 328 ft tall? ›

Biggest building in the world

China's New Century Global Center takes the crown for biggest. It's only 328 feet tall, but its area is 18,298,648 square feet, according to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.

How tall is a 2 story house? ›

A 2 story house with average height ceilings (9 feet high) is about 20 feet tall. This is factoring in additional footage from the depth or thickness of the floor (about one foot on average) and space above the ceiling (up to 2 feet in homes with drop ceilings).

How long is a 1 story building? ›

The height of each storey in a building is based on ceiling height, floor thickness, and building material — with a general average of about 14 feet.

What is a 20 story building called? ›

Skyscrapers are very tall high-rise buildings. Historically, the term first referred to buildings with between 10 and 20 stories when these types of buildings began to be constructed in the 1880s.

How many stories is 300 feet? ›

At approximately 300 feet (25 floors), you are taller than a Giant Sequoia.

What is the world's thinnest building? ›

The newly completed Steinway Tower is not New York's tallest. But it is the skinniest, meaning very thin. The 84-story Steinway Tower is a housing structure. It was designed by New York building company SHoP Architects.

What is the thinnest building? ›

It's not the tallest, but it is the skinniest — the world's skinniest, in fact. The 84-story residential Steinway Tower, designed by New York architecture firm SHoP Architects, has the title of “most slender skyscraper in the world” thanks to its logic-defying ratio of width to height: 1-to-23 1/2.

What is the tallest building with no elevator? ›

Intempo is a 47-floor, 202-metre-high skyscraper building in Benidorm, Spain.
...
Intempo
Floor area36,000 m2 (390,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect(s)Pérez-Guerras Arquitectos & Ingenieros
References
14 more rows

Who made the first house in the world? ›

The oldest archaeological evidence of house construction comes from the famous Oldupai Gorge (also called Olduvai Gorge) site in Tanzania, and the structure is around 1.8 million years old. Nobody knows exactly which proto-human species is responsible for the tools (and houses) found at Oldupai.

How old is the oldest house? ›

First, we have a stone house, which is believed to date back to 3500 BC and is thought to be the oldest home in the world. Next is the Palace of Minos, estimated to have been built in around 1700 BC, followed by Villa Almerico Capra, which has roots dating back to 1580.

Where Is World's Oldest house? ›

Excavations at Wonderwerk Cave in South Africa's Kalahari Desert have led researchers to determine that a cave held human occupants as long as two million years ago, making it the world's oldest home.

What is the tallest thing ever? ›

The tallest structure in the world is the Burj Khalifa skyscraper at 829.8 m (2,722 ft). Listed are guyed masts (such as telecommunication masts), self-supporting towers (such as the CN Tower), skyscrapers (such as the Willis Tower), oil platforms, electricity transmission towers, and bridge support towers.

What building beat the pyramids? ›

Even then, there were centuries of cathedrals constructed before anything managed to top the Great Pyramid. That finally happened in the year 1311 when the spire of the Lincoln Cathedral in England topped out at 160 meters or 525 feet.

What is the tallest building in the world 2022 in feet? ›

As of 2022, the largest skyscraper in the world was the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, standing at 828 meters tall.

What is the tallest building on earth 2022? ›

The building was finished in mid-2022. Tallest in Malaysia and Southeast Asia, it is a mixed-use type. With a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft) and a roof height of 828 m (2,717 ft), the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest skyscraper in the world. It is in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

What was the tallest man made structure in the world for almost 4000 years? ›

The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt

The Great Pyramid was originally 146 metres tall and held the record for the tallest man-made structure on Earth for almost 4,000 years!

What is the shortest building in the world? ›

The world's shortest building is called the Newby-McMahon Building, in Withita Falls, Texas. It stands 40 feet tall.

What will be the new tallest building? ›

Located on the north side of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is planned to be the first 1 km (3,281 ft) high building, and the centrepiece and first phase of a development and tourist attraction known as Jeddah Economic City.

What is the tallest tower in the future? ›

Ultra-high-rise specialist firm Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture's Jeddah Tower in Saudi Arabia has been touted as by far the world's tallest building, with a planned height of at least 1,000 metres – easily surpassing the 828-metre-tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai.

What famous buildings are 200 feet tall? ›

Tall buildings (200 feet or more)
BuildingHeight (in feet)Year built
Regions Center3901972
AT&T City Center3901971
City Federal Building3251913
Thomas Jefferson Hotel2871929
18 more rows
26 Jun 2022

What is the tallest 5 sided building in the world? ›

Building Highlights

As the tallest five-side building in the world and the tallest building in Texas, JPMorgan Chase Tower is a modern 75-story tower with 1,660,488 square feet of rentable office space.

Videos

1. The Tunnels Below | Critical Role | Campaign 3, Episode 15
(Critical Role)
2. A Taste of Tal'Dorei | Critical Role | Campaign 3, Episode 25
(Critical Role)
3. Deadly Echoes | Critical Role: VOX MACHINA | Episode 82
(Geek & Sundry)
4. Thordak | Critical Role: VOX MACHINA | Episode 79
(Geek & Sundry)
5. A Favor in Kind | Critical Role | Campaign 2, Episode 16
(Geek & Sundry)
6. Onward to Vesrah | Critical Role: VOX MACHINA | Episode 87
(Geek & Sundry)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Saturnina Altenwerth DVM

Last Updated: 02/03/2023

Views: 6260

Rating: 4.3 / 5 (44 voted)

Reviews: 91% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Saturnina Altenwerth DVM

Birthday: 1992-08-21

Address: Apt. 237 662 Haag Mills, East Verenaport, MO 57071-5493

Phone: +331850833384

Job: District Real-Estate Architect

Hobby: Skateboarding, Taxidermy, Air sports, Painting, Knife making, Letterboxing, Inline skating

Introduction: My name is Saturnina Altenwerth DVM, I am a witty, perfect, combative, beautiful, determined, fancy, determined person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.